Eye Conditions and Treatment
Eye Trauma is treated in the Comprehensive Ophthalmology Faculty Practice
Injuries involving the eyelids can be serious because the eyelids protect the eyes and keep them moist. A black eye results from blood collecting beneath the loose skin of the eyelids. The tear ducts, which lead from the eyes to the nose, may also be damaged by trauma to the eyelid. Injury to the tear duct interrupts the normal drainage of tears.
A common eye injury requiring medical care is a scrape of the outer surface of the eye known as a corneal abrasion. Fingernails, contact lenses, and paper edges frequently cause abrasions. Corneal abrasion may also be caused by airborne particles that strike the eye during drilling, hammering, or working with cars.
Chemical burns; damage can be minor and temporary (e.g., from hair spray) or severe and possibly blinding (e.g., from alkalis and acids). Many household products, such as drain and floor cleaners, contain alkali and should be used with extreme caution and be kept out of the reach of children. The leading cause of acid burns is an exploding car battery.
Blunt trauma occurs when the eye is struck with a finger, fist, racket, tennis ball, or other solid object. Such injuries produce damage to the eye as a result of the sudden compression and indentation of the globe that occurs at the moment of impact.
Signs and Symptoms
Treatment and Prevention
For a deeper understanding of the diagnosis and treatment plan for eye trauma, see Trauma to the Eye Eye Facts.