Eye Conditions and Treatment

AIDS Related Eye Problems are treated in the Cornea Service

AIDS-Related Eye Problems

Most commonly, people with AIDS have eye problems called cotton wool spots, a condition characterized by fluffy-looking white spots on the retina that does not threaten vision. More serious eye problems include infection of the retina caused by Cytomegalovirus (CMV). There is no cure for CMV retinitis. However, early detection can slow its progression. If left untreated, it can result in retinal detachment and serious vision loss. AIDS can also cause Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), a vascular tumor that grows on the eyelid or white of the eye. .

Signs and Symptoms

  • CMV retinitis
  • Floaters
  • Flashes
  • Blind spots
  • KS: purple-red growth on the eyelid or white of the eye

Treatment and Prevention

  • Anti-CMV drugs to slow the progression of CMV retinitis
  • Excision, radiation or freezing (cryotherapy)intraocular pressure