Eye Conditions and Treatment

Eye Conditions related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are treated in the Pediatric & Adult Strabismus Service

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is one of the most common, preventable causes of mental retardation in the world today. It may occur as often as Down’s syndrome and neural tube defects. FAS is estimated to occur in one to three cases per 1,000 individuals. At least one third to one half of children born to chronic alcoholic mothers show some signs of fetal alcohol syndrome. Although geographic and cultural differences affect the amount of alcohol a pregnant woman drinks, FAS occurs in all races and is more often a problem in developed countries.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Facial abnormalities like telecanthus, where there is an increased distance between the inner corners of the eyes, and a thin upper lip
  • Mild to severe mental retardation resulting in learning difficulties
  • Low birth weight and height that persists through early childhood
  • Abnormalities of the heart and other organs

Treatment and Prevention

  • Avoid alcohol during pregnancy

Eye Facts logo linkFor a deeper understanding of the diagnosis and treatment plan for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, see Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Eye Facts.