Eye Conditions and Treatment

Nystagmus is treated in the Neuro-Ophthalmology Service and the Pediatric & Adult Strabismus Service


Involuntary, rapid movement of the eyeball which may be horizontal, vertical, rotatory, or mixed.  Nystagmus usually results in some degree of visual loss.  Nystagmus may be present at birth (congenital) or acquired later in life.  Nystagmus may be inherited, be idiopathic (no known cause), or be associated with a sensory problem; its direct cause is an instability in the motor system controlling the eyes.  It also may accompany a number of eye disorders and neurological disorders, be caused by an accident, or be a reaction to alcohol and certain drugs.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Repetitive oscillations of the eye horizontally, vertically or rotary
  • Head nodding and tilting
  • Blurred or unstable vision

Treatment and Prevention

  • Prisms
  • Contact lenses
  • Eyeglasses
  • Strabismus Surgery